【英文论文写作经验文章】什么是Annotated Bibliography?

Annotated Bibliography是在英文写作中经常会被要求写的一种文体。它在Google中的解释是“An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.” 即:Annotated Bibliography是包含书籍、文章或其他资料的参考文献(引用)列表。每个引用后会用一段话(150字左右)对此资源进行简单的描述、总结和评价,用来告诉读者该引用的相关性、准确性和质量。

它在中文中貌似没有对应的特别贴切的名称,可以叫做“附说明的资料目录”(貌似有些别扭)。而在本文中我们仍然称它为Annotated Bibliography。

除了写作课程中,老师会要求我们练习写作Annotated Bibliography。而在实际的研究工作中或者实际生活中,一般Annotated Bibliography并不会单独存在,它存在于开展研究工作或者撰写研究论文(Research Paper)的开始和准备阶段,目的在于帮助你更好的准备你的研究,在查找阅览相关资料时,对有益或者可能对你的研究有帮助的资料进行记录,以便于你在之后的工作中将这些资料用于你的研究中。

顾名思义,Annotated Bibliography里的每个条目由两部分组成:Bibliography和Annotation。

  1. Bibliography包含文献信息。即:作者、书名(文章名)、出版商(杂志名)、出版日期、(线上资源网址)等信息。
  2. Annotation包含对该文献的简单总结和评价。通常是一段大约100-150words的一段话。
    1. 总结和描述:简要说明该文献的主要论点、重点内容、主题是什么。
    2. 评价:阐述该文献对你的研究可能有什么作用。内容是否可靠、是否客观,它可能用于你的研究的哪个方面。

Annotated Bibliography的具体格式可能存在差别,在开始前你应该有一个明确的Guidelines。

以下是APA格式的Annotated Bibliography例子:

Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51, 541-554.

The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.

以下是MLA格式的Annotated Bibliography例子:

Waite, Linda J., et al. “Nonfamily Living and the Erosion of Traditional Family Orientations Among Young Adults.” American Sociological Review, vol. 51, no. 4, 1986, pp. 541-554.

The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.

很多客户在ESSAYSHIFU下达Annotated Bibliography定制写作订单过程中会选错页数导致订单无法及时开始处理,比如:要求写作Annotated Bibliography,但是没有给出明确的topic,并且要求写作一个包含5-7个sources的Annotated Bibliography,但只下达了1页订单。

这种情况下,根据本文上面对Annotated Bibliography的介绍来看,1页(280-300words)基本是无法满足包含5-7个sources的Annotated Bibliography写作的。

在下达Annotated Bibliography定制写作订单时,我们需要注意:

  1. 给出明确的主题(topic),或者给出topic的范围;
  2. 明确使用的Style,比如:APA、MLA或者其他style;
  3. 下达正确、合理的订单页数(比如,包含5-7个sources的Annotated Bibliography,应至少下达2页订单,建议下达3页订单)。

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