HIS 350L Cold War In Five Continents

HIS 350L Cold War In Five Continents
The University of Texas at Austin | 得克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校
HIS 350L Cold War In Five Continents
项目类别:历史 | 冷战

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课程(项目)简介:HIS 350L Cold War In Five Continents

The Cold War involved the whole world. It began in 1945 when the victorious Allies of World War II broke up into ideological enemy camps that divided the East (the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Eastern Europe, and China) and the West (Western Europe, and the United States). Whether a country should follow the capitalist West or the socialist East also split many developing nations of Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Moreover, the proliferation of nuclear weapons complicated the tensions between and within these ideological struggles. While the grim prospects for mutual nuclear annihilation forced the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to maintain an uneasy peace between them, many armed conflicts did arise at the margins of the great powers. The Chinese Revolution of 1949 eventually led to serious but limited wars on the Korean Peninsula as well as in Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos). Africa also became involved, as fighters in the “wars of national liberation” engaged with ideological struggle between West and East. Latin America joined the Cold War struggle when the Cuban Revolution of 1959 sought to eliminate traditional U.S. domination with a military and commercial alliance to the Soviet Union. In fact, the emergence of socialism in the Western Hemisphere led the East and West to the brink of nuclear warfare. Needless to say, the Cold War did not treat democracy kindly. In Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, the emergence of new nations from colonial rule usually resulted in dictatorships rather than electoral governments. In Latin America, the threat of the spread of Cuban Communism doomed most democracies to long-term military rule. In the Eastern Bloc countries, communist totalitarianism predominated—not socialist democracy. Only the United States and the countries of Western Europe preserved democracy throughout the Cold War period. Nevertheless, the Cold War did come to a definitive end. China and the United States came to an agreement, and Soviet Union collapsed. The world today may be no safer than it was during the Cold War, because the legacy of the “New World Order” resulted neither in order nor in a new world liberated from the burdens of the past.

学校简介:The University of Texas at Austin | 得克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校

德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校(University of Texas at Austin),简称UT-Austin),成立于1883年,是一所世界顶尖的公立研究型大学,是北美顶尖大学联盟美国大学协会(AAU)的成员,美国最负盛名的“公立常春藤(Public Ivy)”院校之一,是德克萨斯大学系统中的旗舰校区,也是德克萨斯州境内最顶尖的高等学府之一,坐落在德克萨斯州的首府奥斯汀市区,距离市内的州政府总部约一英里。学校现有学生约51,000人,教职员工数约3,000人(2014秋季)[1] ,为全美单一校园中学生人数中第五大的大学。 德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校共设有18个学院,提供135个专业的学位课程,其中属商科和工程学专业最为强势。本科生除了可以在10个本科商科专业中任选其一之外,还有机会参加专门为MBA学生设计的快速商务课程。工程学方面,UT-Austin所有的本科工程学专业全部至少排名美国Top20,其中很多属于全美10强的行列。在《美国新闻与世界报道》(U.S.News)美国大学排名中,学校的教育学院高居全美第3,工程学院位列全美第8,法学院和商学院分别位列全美第16和17。根据上海交大ARWU世界大学学术排名,学校位列第36位,在工科领域排名全球第5,在社科领域排名全球第20,理科排名全球第28。